Le Nouvelliste | Yonyon, the historical leader of the 400 Mawozo gang, transferred to the United States

The leader of the 400 Mawozo gang, Germine Joly, alias “Yonyon”, was extradited to the United States on Tuesday May 3. It is the National Police of Haiti which makes the announcement on social networks. According to the PNH, his extradition on board a special plane (FBI) follows a request for mutual legal assistance produced by the American judicial authorities on April 22, 2022. “He is being prosecuted via an international warrant issued by the district court of the USA for the District of Columbia on the following counts: Conspiracy and violation of the United States Export Control and Contraband Reform Act; importation of weapons of war; kidnapping followed by confinement for ransom of American citizens,” the police note said.

The PNH also recalled that the defendant is the number one of the criminal organization called “400 Mawozo”. This gang is involved in several criminal acts, including assassination, kidnapping, theft of vehicles, destruction of private property, arson, etc. This armed gang had notably kidnapped 17 American missionaries, French and Haitian religious and recently an agricultural attaché from the Embassy of the Dominican Republic in Haiti. The latter is still in the hands of the kidnappers.

The extradition of Germine Joly, alias “Yonyon”, comes in a context of clashes between rival gangs in several districts of Croix-des-Bouquets, Tabarre and Cité Soleil. Thousands of people have had to move while others are besieged, causing a humanitarian crisis in this part of the metropolitan area. If no official and exhaustive report has yet been established, witnesses report that several dozen people have been killed.

The Miami Herald, citing a source, said Yonyon was being sent to Washington, D.C. Until his transfer on Tuesday, this gang leader was being held in the civil prison in Port-au-Prince. From there, he led the 400 Mawozo gang using his cell phone and negotiated the release of hostages while trying to negotiate his own freedom.

On October 16, 2021, members of the 400 Mawozo gang led by Germine Joly alias “Yonyon” kidnapped 17 missionaries, including 16 Americans and one Canadian. While the missionaries were being held hostage, federal agents arrested three Florida residents accused of smuggling firearms in barrels from South Florida to the 400 Mawozo gang. According to the complaint filed in late October, Eliande Tunis, Jocelyn Dor and Walder St. Louis placed orders for weapons such as AK-47s and AR-15s for two unnamed 400 Mawozo leaders. Tunis is a US citizen, while Dor and St. Louis are Haitian nationals. Prosecutors say Tunis lived in Florida and “is a member of 400 Mawozo.” The complaint states that on October 9, Tunis sent an audio file to “co-conspirator 1 on WhatsApp in Creole saying “We are snakes. We sneak to get where we’re going. They would be shocked to see Mawozo invade Miami.”

The criminal complaint filed by the FBI against the three defendants does not identify Joly by name, but states that co-conspirator 1 “is a Haitian national and leader of 400 Mawozo” who is “incarcerated, but remains a leader of the organization and directs operations from prison using an unmonitored cell phone”. This individual is believed to be Germine Joly.

The complaint also mentions another individual, but without naming him. He is described as serving as a leader and appearing on “videos posted on social media, he stated his name and declared himself as the leader of 400 Mawozo”. This individual would be “Lanmò Sanjou”. The 400 Mawozo gang is believed to be behind the recent kidnapping of a Dominican diplomat and US citizen, Carlos Guillén Tatis, who disappeared on Friday as he crossed the gang’s stronghold in Croix-des-Bouquets on his way to the border. . Sources familiar with Joly’s activities said much of the ransom money collected by his gang went directly to him, which he in turn used to buy weapons and keep police and lawyers on his roster. of pay.

After the three Floridians were arrested, he grew increasingly worried about his possible extradition, sources told the Miami Herald. The ongoing armed conflict may have accelerated Joly’s extradition. For weeks, rumors swirled about a prison breakout scheme involving the National Penitentiary, and it was feared that Joly would meet the same fate as Arnel Joseph, another notorious gang leader whom the FBI had mistaken for target. Arnel Joseph was shot dead by the police last February while riding a motorbike in the town of L’Estère after a murderous escape from the civil prison of Croix-des-Bouquets.

With the Miami Herald.

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