Causes of hemorrhoids after childbirth
Causes of hemorrhoids in women who have become mothers, in most cases due to the peculiarities of the process of bearing a child and childbirth. As the size of the fetus increases, the uterus grows and begins to put pressure on the pelvic organs. As a result, there is a violation of blood flow, stagnation develops. The phenomenon becomes more pronounced with the increasing gestation period.
Bowel disorder (constipation). Due to the increased pressure of the uterus on the intestine, its tone tends to decrease. This leads to disruption of peristalsis and prevents the normal movement of stool.
Lack of physical activity. Every day during pregnancy, a woman becomes more and more difficult to move, so her physical activity drops sharply. A lot of time a pregnant woman spends in a sitting position. This provokes the deterioration of blood flow in the pelvic organs, creates excellent conditions for the development of hemorrhoids.
Features of the diet. During pregnancy, there is a change in taste preferences. This negatively affects the blood flow in the pelvic organs and therefore increases the risk of disease.
Types of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids after childbirth, such as those arising outside pregnancy, are usually divided into:
Up in the air
This classification takes into account the location of the hemorrhoids. Both forms have the same clinical picture in the early stages, but over time it changes. Thus, with internal hemorrhoids, the nodes extend outward from the anus and can be seen without special examination. With the endogenous form of the disease, the nodes do not go outside and are diagnosed with a hardware examination.
Signs of hemorrhoids in women after childbirth
Depending on clinical manifestations, it is customary to distinguish 4 levels of hemorrhoids. Each has its characteristics. In this case, the first signs of a woman’s violation can be recorded while she is in the maternity hospital. This is due to a sharp decrease in intestinal tone and a violation of peristalsis. Stool accumulation does not come out, it happens.
Constipation enhances the stagnation of phenomena in the small pelvis. There is a gradual increase in the existing nodes, and hemorrhoids develop after childbirth.
At this time, the pregnant woman notices the appearance of the first symptoms that indicate the development of hemorrhoids after childbirth:
- Feeling of heaviness in the anus
- discomfort, the sensation of a foreign body in the rectum;
- pain during the act of defecation;
- The appearance of blood in the stool.
External hemorrhoids after childbirth
This form of pathology has a vivid clinical picture, so the signs of hemorrhoids after the birth of the mother are in the forces to identify themselves. The first, indicating possible violations, are itching and burning, localized in the area of the anus. Often there are small cracks in the rectum, which begin to bleed. These first signs should be the reason for calling a doctor. In the absence of skilled care, the disease progresses.
- As a result, new symptoms appear:
- Hemorrhoids protrude outward.
- painful sensations in defecation, accompanied by abundant blood secretion;
- Severe pain when touching the knot.
Internal hemorrhoids after childbirth
Internal hemorrhoids after childbirth, their symptoms at the initial stage may be absent, in most cases, they are diagnosed with a woman-to-woman examination. The resulting hemorrhoidal nodes are not visible, because they enter the lumen of the rectum and are located under its mucous membrane. It often does not cause anxiety, is painless. The first thing a new mother should take care of is the presence of small traces of blood on the toilet paper after the act of defecation. Among other symptoms of the disease:
- Pain while visiting the toilet.
- Feeling of incomplete emptying of the intestines.
- Huge formations appear.
- Discomfort, burning, and itching in the anus.
Postpartum hemorrhoids – what to do?
Finding hemorrhoids after childbirth, what to do and how to be in this case – not every mother knows. First, you need to see a doctor. Independent attempts to treat hemorrhoids can adversely affect the well-being and general health of the mother. In addition, taking certain types of medication negatively affects the lactation process. The drug should be selected individually, taking into account the stage, severity, and type of the disease. There is no universal treatment, therefore, treatment is carried out in a complex manner.
Hemorrhoids – the consequences, if not treated
Hemorrhoids in women after childbirth in the absence of appropriate treatment can impose an imprint on the state of the reproductive system and the health of women in general. It should not be forgotten that individual symptoms of hemorrhoids can mask serious pathologies of the rectum:
- intestinal bleeding
- Pathological changes necrotic character.
- malicious formations.
The aneurysms, located in the hemorrhoidal node, are prone to rupture and damage. This greatly increases the risk of bleeding. In this case, intensive therapy, surgery is required. In addition, chronic hemorrhoids for a long time can cause the formation of a blood clot. Their blockage with blood vessels causes a violation of organ circulation: thromboembolism in the vessels and coronary arteries. After knowing the possible consequences, women begin to find a way to get rid of hemorrhoids after childbirth.